Brussels Tribunal

A tribunal of civil society

The International Tribunal of Brussels, aims to fight against the impunity of politicians and high ranking civil servants in Schengen-Europe and to render legal opinions on the criminal responsibility of persons who take measures that violate the fundamental rights of refugees and migrants.


10 questions about the Brussels Court

When will it be held?

The Tribunal will be held from September 16th to 19th in Brussels. From Friday to Sunday, the different cases will be treated. The fourth day will be reserved for the rehabilitation of unjustly criminalized aid.

Why in Brussels?

Brussels is the center of European politics and the lion’s den.

What is the jurisdiction of the Tribunal?

In accordance with Article 3 of the Statute of the Tribunal, the jurisdiction of the Tribunal shall be limited to the serious crimes committed against refugee and migrant persons, and to the serious violations of their fundamental rights.

Who will be charged? 

Individuals, more precisely public officers and politicians from Central Europe (and not countries or institutions), will be charged in 2023. They are the ones who implement European migration policy and take decisions that violate the fundamental rights of refugee and migrant persons.

In a later session of the Tribunal, the Tribunal will address violations of the fundamental rights of refugee and migrant persons in countries of southern and south-eastern Europe

What types of crimes and violations of the rights of refugee and migrant persons will be admitted and examined?

According to Article 3 of the Statute, the Tribunal is competent to issue legal opinions on the following crimes:

  • Crimes against humanity;
  • Serious violations of fundamental rights of refugee and migrant persons.

Article 5 of the Statute specifies crimes that violate the fundamental rights of refugees and migrants:

  • Measures that threaten or deprive the lives of refugees and migrants
  • Forced labour, slavery, and human trafficking;
  • Unlawful deportation or transfer of a refugee or migrant person where they could face serious violations of fundamental rights;
  • Acts directed against refugee and migrant persons in order to obstruct the acquisition of legal status on the territory of the host State;
  • Hate speech and incitement against refugee and migrant persons;
  • Other serious violations of fundamental rights of refugee and migrant persons.

What is the composition of the Tribunal?

The panel of judges consists of six recognised judges from different countries and the Office of the Prosecutor.

Who prepares the indictments?

The Office of the Prosecutor prepares the indictment dossiers and forwards them to the panel of judges who legally examines and approves them.

The approved indictment dossiers are presented by the Office of the Prosecutor and supplemented by statements from witnesses, victims, and experts. Witnesses and victims can be questioned by the judges.

Will there be a judgment?

The Tribunal will issue legal opinions. They will be formulated by the judges of the Tribunal and will be announced as soon as possible after the closure of the Tribunal in a press conference.

How does the process of rehabilitating victims’ supporters work?

The Tribunal will investigate the vilification, discrimination and criminalisation of refugee aid workers. Providing assistance is not a crime, but a duty and a right. Cases of wrongly convicted rescuers and aid workers will be thoroughly investigated and proposed for rehabilitation.

How is the Brussels Tribunal funded?

The Brussels Tribunal is financed by donations from individuals and foundations. The budget of the Tribunal amounts to 650,000 euros. One third of this is already financed by donations from various foundations.

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